Canadian Army Medical Corps Overseas Hospitals
This section provides a detailed list of Canadian Overseas Hospitals during the Great War 1914 - 1919. CAMC Hospitals were broken down into the following categories:


General Hospitals

General hospitals were originally equipped for 520 beds, but were increased in 1915 to 1,040, after which date they varied in bed capacity as necessary up to two thousand. Some of them in the year 1918 had a greater capacity, namely, No. 2 with 2,210 beds; No. 7 with 2, 290 beds and No. 16 had 2,182 beds.

General Hospital No. 1

Organized Valcartier, 3-9-14
Salisbury Plain, 20-10-14 to 13-5-15
Etaples, 31-5-15 to 20-7-18
Trouville, 21-7-18 to 4-2-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel M. MacLaren
Colonel C. F. Wylde
Colonel R. M. Simpson
Colonel J. A. Gunn
Colonel W. H. Delaney
Matrons:
V. C. Nesbitt
E. Campbell.

General Hospital No. 2

Organized Valcartier September, 1914
Salisbury Plain, 18-10-14 to 13-3-15
Le Treport, 16-3-15 to 2-3-19.
Officers Commanding:
Colonel J. W. Bridges
Colonel K. Cameron,
Colonel G. S. Rennie
Matrons:
E. C. Rayside
H. E. Dulmage
M. M. Goodeve
F. Wilson.

General Hospital No. 3 (McGill University)

Organized Montreal, 5-3-15
Shorncliffe, England 16-5-15 to 16-6-15
Dannes-Camiers, France 19-6-15 to 5-1-16
Boulogne, France 6-1-16 to 29-5-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel H. S. Birkett
Colonel J. M. Elder
Colonel L. Drum
Matron:
K. O. MacLatchy

General Hospital No. 4 (University of Toronto)

Organized Toronto, 25-3-15
Shorncliffe, 28-5-15 to 15-10-15
Salonika, Greece, 9-11-15 to 18-5-16
Kalamaria, 19-5-16 to 17-8-17
Basingstoke, 18-9-17 to 2-7-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonels T. A. Roberts
W. B. Hendry
H. C. Parsons
Matron:
A. J. Hartley

General Hospital No. 5

Organized Victoria, 30-5-15
Shorncliffe, 5-9-15 to 16-11-15
Salonika, Greece, 14-12-15 to 16-8-17
Liverpool, 13-10-17 to 15-8-19
Officers Commandng:
Colonel E. C. Hart
Colonel G. D. Farmer
Colonel P. Burnett.
Matrons:
F. Wilson
J. Matheson.

General Hospital No. 6 (Laval University)

Organized Montreal, Sept. 1915 as No. 6 Stationary Hospital
Shorncliffe, 10-4-16 to 1-7-16
St. Cloud, 10-7-16 to 4-8-16
Joinville-le-Pont, 5-8-16 to 17-1-17
Troyes, 18-1-17 to 20-6-18
Joinville -le-Pont, 21-6-18 to 10-5-19
Officer Commanding:
Colonel G. E. Beauchamp
Matron:
Y. Baudry

General Hospital No. 7 (Queen's University)

Originally No. 5 Stationary
Cairo, 26-1-16 to 10-4-16
Le Treport, 22-4-16 to 13-10-16
Etaples, 14-10-16 to 31-5-19
Officer Commanding:
Colonel F. Etherington
Matrons:
B. J. Willoughby
G. Muldrew.

General Hospital No. 8

Originally No. 4 Stationary
St. Cloud, 8-7-16 to 12-2-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel A. Mignault,
Lieut. Colonel A. E. LeBel
Colonel H. R. Casgrain
Lieut. Colonel R. deL. Harwood
Matron:
C. A. De Cormier

General Hospital No. 9

Originally Shorncliffe Military Hospital
Shorncliffe 10-9-17 to 17-12-18
Kinmel Park, Ryhl, 17-12-18 to 26-6-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel E. G. Davis,
Colonel E. J. Williams
Matron:
V. C. Nesbitt.

General Hospital No. 10

Originally Kitchener Military Hospital
Brighton, 10-9-17 to 3-9-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel C. F. Wylde
Colonel W. McKeown
Matrons:
E. B. Ross
M. Cornell

General Hospital No. 11.

Originally Moore Barracks Military Hospital
Shorncliffe, 13-9-17 to 20-9-19.
Officer Commanding:
Colonel W. A. Scott
Matrons:
E. C. Rayside
B. L. Smellie
E. C. Charleson

General Hospital No. 12

Originally Bramshott Military Hospital
Bramshott, 12-10-17 to 23-9-19
Officers Commanding:
Lieut-Colonel H. E. Kendall
Colonel W. Webster
Colonel H. M. Robertson
Matron:
G. Muldrew
A. C. Strong

General Hospital No. 13

Originally Hastings Military Hospital
Hastings 2-10-17 to 6-6-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel E. J. Williams
Lieut-Colonel H. C. S. Elliott
Matrons:
A. C. Strong
J. Cameron-Smith

General Hospital No. 14

Originally Eastbourne Military Hospital
Eastbourne, 10-9-17 to 23-10-19
Officers Commanding:
Lieut-Colonel E. Seaborn
Lieut-Colonel K. D. Panton
Matrons
J. Cameron-Smith
B. J. Willoughby

General Hospital No. 15

Originally Duchess of Connaught Canadian Red Cross Hospital
Taplow 10-9-17 to 15-9-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel W. L. Watt
Colonel P. G. Goldsmith.
Matron:
E. Russell.

General Hospital No. 16

Originally Ontario Military Hospital
Orpington 10-9-17 to 20-9-19
Officer Commanding:
Colonel D. W. McPherson
Matron
M. H. Smith.

Stationary Hospitals

The original bed capacity of a stationary hospital was 200, enlarged to 400 in 1915. They varied according to the needs of the service from 400 to 650 beds with one of them, No. 3, reaching a capacity of 1,090 beds in 1918.


Stationary Hospital No. 1

Organized Valcartier, 15-9-14
Hampstead, 12-11-14 to 1-2-15
Wimereux, 3-3-15 to 28-7-15
Lemnos, 16-8-15 to 31-1-16
Salonika, Greece, 3-3-16 to 4-9-17
Hastings, 28-8-17 to 2-10-17 when it became No. 13 General Hospital
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel L. Drum
Lieut.-Colonel S. H. McKee
Lieut.-Colonel E. J. Williams
Matrons:
E. M. Charleson
L. Brock.

Stationary Hospital No. 2

Organized Valcartier, 6-9-14
Le Touquet, 27-11-14 to 20-10-15
Outreau, 21-10-15 to 1-4-19
Officers Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel A. T. Shillington
Lieut.-Colonel J. T. Clarke
Lieut.-Colonel G. D. Farmer
Lieut.-Colonel D. Donald
Lieut.-Colonel G. Clingan
Lieut.-Colonel J. Hayes
Matrons:
E. B. Ridley
A. C. Strong
J. Urquhart
G. Pope,
S. C. Mclsaac

Stationary Hospital No. 3

Organized London, 17-2-15
Moore Barracks 5-5-15 to 1-8-15
Lemnos, 17-8-15 to 6-2-16
Boulogne, 10-4-16 to 10-11-16
Doullens, 11-11-16 to 18-8-18
Rouen (closed) 19-8-18 to 7-10-18
Arques, 8-10-18 to 28-2-19.
Officers Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel H. R. Casgrain
Lieut.-Colonel E. G. Davis
Lieut.-Colonel C. H. Reason
Matrons:
J. B. Jaggard
E. M. Wilson.

Stationary Hospital No. 4

Organized Montreal, 8-3-15
Tent Hospital Shorncliffe, 16-5-15 to 19-9-15
St. Cloud, 20-9-15 to 8-7-16 when it became No. 8 General Hospital.
Officer Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel A. Mignault
Matrons:
M. H. Casault,
C A. De Cormier.

Stationary Hospital No. 5 (Queen's University)

Organized Kingston;
Tent Hospital St. Martin's Plain
Shorncliffe, 7-6-15 to 1-8-15
Cairo, 14-8-15 to 26-1-16, when it became No. 7 General Hospital, 26-1-16, and remained at Cairo.
Officer Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel F. Etherington
Matron:
B. J. Willoughby.

Stationary Hospital No. 6 (Laval University)

Organized Montreal September 1915, but was immediately converted into No. 6 General Hospital.

Stationary Hospital No. 7 (Dalhousie University)

Organized Halifax, 21-10-15
Shorncliffe Military Hospital, 10-1-16 to 16-6-16
le Havre, 19-6-16 to 30-12-16
Harfleur, 31-12-16 to 13-5-17
Arques, 14-5-17 to 18-4-18
Etaples, (closed) 19-4-18 to 23-5-18
Rouen, 24-5-18 to 21-9-18
Camiers, 22-9-18 to 23-2-19
Officers Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel J. Stewart
Lieut.-Colonel E. V. Hogan.
Matron:
L. M. Hubley.

Stationary Hospital No. 8 (Universty of Saskatchewan)

Organized Saskatoon 27-3-16
Canadian Military Hospital, Hastings, 1-1- 17 to 2-10-17
Canadian Special Hospital, Witley, 2-10-17 to 10-11-17 (closed for 1 month)
Camiers, 10-12-17 to 16-4-18
Charmes, 17-4-18 to 1-11-18
Rouen, (closed) 2-11-18 to 14-11-18
Dunkerque, 16-11-18 to 14-4-19
Officer Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel H. E. Munroe
Matron:
J. Urquhart.

Stationary Hospital No. 9 (St. Francis Xavier University)

Organized Antigonish 3-3-16
Bramshott Military Hospital, 3-10-16 to 5-12-17
St. Omer, 12-12-17 to 19-4-18
Etaples, 20-4-18 to 9-9-18
Caraiers, 10-9-18 to 21-5-19
Officers Commanding:
Lieut-Colonel R. C. McLeod
Lieut-Colonel R. St. J. Macdonald.
Matron:
S. C. Mclsaac.

Stationary Hospital No. 10 (Western University)

Organized London, 10-5-16
Seaford, 2-11-16 to 20-1-17
Eastbourne, 21-1-17 to 5-12-17
Calais, 25-12-17 to 16-4-19
Officer Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel E. Seaborn
Matron:
H. E. Dulmage

Stationary Hospital No. 11

Organized Vancouver, 9-10-18
Vladivostock 26-10-18 to 5-6-19. This hospital operated in Siberia, and
had a bed capacity together with its annexes of 575. It had
no nursing sisters
Officer Commanding:
Colonel J. L. Potter.

Special Hospitals

There were four special hospitals in 1916. increasing to seven in 1918. These hospitals were for such cases as orthopaedic, tubercular, eye and ear, physiotherapy, and venereal. The bed capacity varied, according to the type of cases to be provided for.

Granville Special Hospital (orthopaedic)

Ramsgate 28-9-15 to 18-10-17
Buxton, 19-10-17 to 17-9-19
Officers Commanding:
Lieut.-Colonel W. L. Watt
Colonel J. T. Clarke
Colonel E. C. Hart
Colonel M. MacLaren
Matrons:
E. B. Ridley
V. A. Tremaine
M. E. Blott.

Westcliffe Eye and Ear Hospital

Folkestone, 20-10-15 to 20-9-19
Officers Commanding:
Colonel J. D. Courtenay
Colonel S. H. McKee
Matrons:
F. Grand
Y. Baudry
M. H. Casault
F. Wilson
J. T. Scott.

Special Hospital (tubercular)

Lenham, 7-12-17 to 7-7-19.
Officer Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel W. M. Hart
Sister-in-charge
A. M. Forrest

Special Hospital (venereal)

Etchinghill, 15-8-16 to 1-9-19
Officers Commanding
Major H. E. Paul
Colonel W. T. M. MacKinnon


Special Hospital (venereal)

Witley, 25-8-17 to 3-10-19
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel H. E. Munroe
Lieut.-Colonel L. C. Harris
Colonel E. L. Stone


Petrograd Red Cross Hospital for Officers

Petrograd Hotel, London, 25-11-18 to 16-10-19
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel S. H. McCoy
Lieut.-Colonel A. E. H. Bennett.
Matron
E. B. Ross.

Hospital for Officers

Hyde Park Place, London, 29-2-16 to 25-8-19. After this date it was affiliated with the Petrograd.
Officers Commanding
Captain T. A. Malloch
Captain T. M. Creighton
Major L. W. MacNutt
Major P. G. Brown
Major S. H. McCoy
Lieut.-Colonel H. M. Robertson
Matrons
V. A. Tremaine
L. G. Squire
H. Graham
D. Cotton
E. B. Ross

Buxton Red Cross Special Hospital

Buxton, 1-2-16 to 26-3-19
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel H. D. Johnson
Lieut.-Colonel F. Guest
Lieut.-Colonel P. Burnett
Matrons
C. MacAlister
E. Campbell
F. Grand
V. A. Tremaine
M. H. Casault
M. E. Blott.

Convalescent Hospitals

Three convalescent hospitals having a total capacity of 770 beds were opened in 1915; the number rose to eight in 1918 with a capacity of 7,456 beds. The two largest were at Woodeote Park, Epsom with 3,900 beds; and Princess Patricia's Bexhill with 2,250 beds.

Woodeote Park Convalescent Hospital

Epsom, 5-9-15 to 30-6-19
Officers Commanding
Captain E. C. Cole;
Lieut.-Colonel: D. W. McPherson
Lieut.-Colonel L. E. W. Irving
Colonel F. Guest.

Princess Patricia's Red Cross Convalescent Hospital

Ramsgate, 26-1-17 to 14-1-18
Bexhill, 15-1-18 to 18-8-19.
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel S. W. Prowse
Lieut.-Colonel A. J. MacKenzie
Major C. B. Peat
Colonel T. C. D. Bedell.
Matrons
E. McCafferty
E. De Merrall.

Bearwood Convalescent Hospital

Wokingham, 20-9-15 to 24-7-19
Officer Commanding
Lieut-Colonel R. E. Wodehouse
Matron: J. Cameron-Smith
Sisters-in-Charge
N. F. Meiklejohn
B. J. Blewett
M. E. Mackenzie
R. E. Pentland
S. J. Robley

Bromley Convalescent Hospital

Bromley, 20-4-15 to 31-8-18
Officers Commanding
Major J. McCombe
Major A. W. McPherson
Major J. T. Hill
Lieut.-Colonel J. L. Biggar
Lieut.-Colonel J. R. Spier
Lieut.-Colonel G. Royce

Hillingdon House, Canadian Convalescent Hospital

Uxbridge, 20-9-15 to 12-12-17
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel H. M. Robertson
Lieut.-Colonel J. A. Sponagle
Lieut.-Colonel W. Webster
Lieut.-Colonel L. R. Murray
Sisters-in-Charge
J. Stronach
B. F. Mattice
F. E. M. McCallum
M. E. Fletcher
H. T. Meiklejohn.

Monks Horton Convalescent Hospital

Monks Horton 15 to 28-8-18 (closed for 5 months during 1916)
Officers Commanding
Captain T. Lyon
Major D. B. Bentley
Major F. Guest
Lieut.-Colonel G. Clingan

King's Red Cross Convalescent Hospital

Bushey Park 31-12-15 to 2-9-19
Officers Commanding
Lieut-Colonel H. R. Casgrain
Lieut-Colonel J. D. McQueen
Lieut-Colonel A. L. Johnson
Sisters-in-Charge
E. L. Bell
J. F. Andrews
M. M. Fraser
N. F. Meiklejohn
B. J. Blewett
M. E. Mackenzie
R. E. Pentland
S. J. Robley
Matron
J. McG. MacDonald

Officers' Convalescent Hospital

Matlock Bath, 5-3-18 to 12-9-19
capacity 210 beds
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel P. G. Goldsmith
Lieut.-Colonel A. C. Rankin
Lieut.-Colonel G. H. R. Gibson
Lieut.-Colonel W. J. McAlister
Matron
E. McCafferty

Miscellaneous Hospitals

The majority of the hospitals mentioned in the following summary were English military hospitals taken over by Canadian personnel. After operating for a period under their original names they were reorganized into general hospitals. Their bed capacity varied from 1,000 to 3,250 including annexes. During the period before reorganization, Canadian hospitals as they arrived in England were used to staff these institutions.

Military Hospital

Basingstoke 4-4-17 to 18-9-17. No.4 General Hospital upon its return from Salonika, Greece, 18-9-17,
took over this institution.
Officer Commanding
Colonel J. A. Roberts

Military Hospital, Kirkdale

Liverpool, 21-5-17 to 13-10-17. No. 5 General Hospital upon its return from Salonika, Greece, 13-10-17, took over this institution.
Officers Commanding
Colonel F. L. Biggar
Colonel E. C. Hart
Matron
G. Muldrew

Shorncliffe Military Hospital

Shorncliffe, 25-7-15 to 10-9-17. At various times during its early career this hospital was staffed by the personnel of Nos. 4 and 5 General Hospitals, No. 3 Casualty Clearing Station, and No. 7 Stationary Hospital.. From June 1916, to September, 1917, it was staffed by personnel from the C.A.M.C. Depot. No. 9 General Hospital was organized September 10, 1917, and took over this institution.
Officers Commanding
Colonel J. A. Roberts
Colonel E. C. Hart
Lieut-Colonel R. J. Blanchard
Lieut-Colonel R. J. Stewart
Lieut-Colonel R. E. G. Davis
Major C. H. Reason.
Matrons
A. J. Hartley
F. Wilson
M. H. Smith
L. M. Hubley
J. Urquhart
V. C. Nesbitt

Kitchener Military Hospital

Brighton, 14-3-17 to September, 1917. No. 10 General Hospital was organized September, 1917, and took over this institution.
Officer Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel A. T. Shillington
Matron
E. B. Ross

Moore Barracks Military Hospital

Shomcliffe, 4-5-15 to 13-9-17. At various dates during its early career this hospital was staffed by the personnel of Nos. 2 and 3 Casualty Clearing Stations, No. 3 Stationary Hospital and the C.A.M.C. Depot. No. 11 General Hospital was organized in September, 1917, and took over this institution.
Officer Commanding
Colonel W. A. Scott.
Matrons
J. B. Jaggard
E. Russell
E. C. Rayside

Bramshott Military Hospital

Bramshott, 29-9-16 to 12-10-17. During its early career this hospital was staffed by the personnel of No. 9 Stationary Hospital. No. 12 General Hospital was organized in October, 1917, and took over this institution
Officers Commanding
Lieut.-Colonel R. C. McLeod
Lieut.-Colonel H. E. Kendall
Matron
S. C. McIsaac

Military Hospital

Eastbourne, 11-1-17 to 10-9-17. During its early career this hospital was staffed by the personnel of No. 10 Stationary Hospital. No. 14 General Hospital was organized in September, 1917, and took over this institution.
Officer Commanding
Colonel E. Seaborn.
Matron
E. Dulmage

Hastings Military Hospital

Hastings, 1-1-17 to 2-10-17. During its early career this hospital was staffed by the personnel of Nos. 1 and 8 Stationary Hospitals. No. 13 General Hospital was organized in October, 1917, and took over this institution.
Officers Commanding
Colonel E. J. Williams
Lieut.-Colonel H. E. Munroe
Matrons
J. Urquhart
A. C. Strong

Duchess of Connaught's Canadian Red Cross Hospital

Taplow, 16-12-14 to 10-9-17. This hospital was originally staffed by the personnel of No. 1 Casualty Clearing it was reorganized as No. 5 General Hospital
Officers Commanding
Colonel C. W. F. Gorrell
Colonel D. W. McPherson
Colonel J. A. Roberts
Colonel W. L. Watt.
Matrons
E. Campbell
E. Russell.

Ontario Military Hospital

Orpington, 19-2-16 to 10-9-17. This hospital was at first staffed by the personnel from the C.A.M.C. Depot. In September, 1917, it was reorganized as No. 16 General Hospital
Officers Commanding
Colonel D. W. McPherson
Lieut.-Colonel G. Chambers
Matron
M. H. Smith.

Minor Hospitals

In addition to the hospitals tabulated, there were many smaller institutions, the buildings being provided by private persons, the staff by Canadian or voluntary aid personnel. These small hospitals had a capacity of from 25 to 125 beds. A daily rate of from 2 to 4 shillings was paid by the Canadian authorities. The majority were in the Shorncliffe area and were annexes to the Shorncliffe Military Hospital.
Such institutions were:

For officers only:
“The Limes”, Crowborough
HelenaHospital, Shorncliffe
Perkins Bull Hospital, Putney Heath

Northwood Hospital for Nursing Sisters at Buxton

Convalescent homes for other ranks were:
Hermitage Hospital, Hastings
Dane John, Canterbury
Lympne Castle
Luton House, Selling
Glack House, Deal

Special sanitoria for tubercular patients were:
Pinewood, Wokingham, Ipswich, and Hastings.

The typhoid convalescent cases were:
Wear Bay, Folkestone.
Active treatment hospitals for other ranks were: The
Bevan, Sandgate; Walmer
Queen's, Beechborough Park.

The Canadian Forestry Corps in England had two main hospitals:
Beech Hill, Englefield Green, with 75 beds
Sunningdale with 20 beds.

There were in addition small detention hospitals averaging 6 beds, attached to each of the Forestry Corps Companies. In France each of the 60 Forestry Corps Companies had small detention hospitals of 6 beds each; in addition hospitals were established at the following places and with a bed capacity as stated:
Lajoux, Jura, 150
Alengon, 50;
Gerardmer, 50
Conches, 35
Lesperon, 25
Parentisen-Born, 12

The senior medical officers at various times were:
Lieut.-Colonel F. W. E. Wilson
Lieut.-Colonel J. Hayes
Major W. H. Merritt
Major R. R. Barker (in England)

Notes:

Salonika, Greece is today referred to as Thessalonika

Primary source: Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War 1914-19 : The Medical Services

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